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Gerhard Rose, with his funny little red beard, was the Chief of Tropical Medicine at the Robert Koch Institute. He focused on the effects of jaundice and spotted fever on inmates.
When he was arrested in his home, he already had his suitcase packed, but not in preparation to come to Nuremberg. He was waiting to be picked up by someone else. He was to come to the United States to do research. He was surprised at his arrest and protested when he learned where he was going.
He received a life sentence, and like the others who received prison sentences, was released after five years.